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Is There Life On Mars ?

The question of whether there is life beyond Earth, has long troubled mankind, since, as people realized that the Earth is not the only planet in the universe. First and foremost, of course, people look to neighboring Solar system planets, and from them the greatest interest aroused Mars. Why Mars? Already in the nineteenth century, astronomers realized that this planet is one of the most suitable candidates for the detection of life. Mars Located a little farther from the Sun than Earth, but not so much that there could be no liquid water, and consequently life. And many other features made it into something similar to Earth – even the length of the Martian days is very close to Earth. Not surprisingly, after the discovery of the telescope on Mars, the so-called. 'Channels', many speculated that it – traces of an advanced civilization, and the theme of contact with earthlings hypothetical Martian civilization has become one of the favorite themes of science fiction authors. However, after the space age, those who relied on the existence of Martians were disappointed.

It became clear that the harsh conditions on Mars, first all, it is extremely thin atmosphere makes it impossible to exist on the planet advanced forms of life. In the first images sent from Mars by spacecraft, appeared before the people lifeless desert. Nevertheless, left open the possibility that Mars may be simple life forms like bacteria on Earth and other microorganisms. Some of them might well exist in such conditions. Goal Search the simplest organisms on Mars, was delivered in the course of several unmanned missions. Get all the facts and insights with Crawford Lake Capital Hedge Fund, another great source of information.

Unfortunately, none of the experiments not yet completed a positive result. Life on Mars has not been found. But can not state that it is not there? Many scientists doubt it. The fact is that in the distant past conditions on Mars were more favorable. Mars was a more dense atmofera, and on the surface could liquid water to exist. Evidence of this – nullah Martian rivers. This means that life could arise entirely on Mars at that time, and not only have arisen, but remain to this day in certain places. So question of finding life on Mars is not yet closed, and he apparently will be placed again before the participants first manned missions to the planet that are planned in the coming decades.

Russia Incentives

In a market economy approaches vary with respect to the organization of material incentives for industrial personnel enterprises. Proceeds from the sale of goods become the supreme criterion for assessing the quantity and quality of labor and producers of their main source of personal income. Analysis of existing systems of remuneration showed that not all systems are composed of elements of the material incentives for staff, and the systems that they are used with certain limitations. Because some systems can be used in enterprises with a high level of capital or human labor, other systems require the simultaneous use of bonuses as incentive mechanism based on the results of operations of the enterprise. Of all number of existing systems of remuneration and incentive company personnel choose those that best meet the specific conditions of production (the nature of the products, process technology, the level of organizational leadership, market demand and volume). Experience in organizing study of wages in Russia and in developed countries has confirmed that the advance rate of wage growth compared to the rate of productivity growth, as well as advancing the growth rate of payroll compared inflation rates leads to disruption of economic equilibrium within the state.

In the world practice, there are many examples of the organization wages, which in its composition are organizing incentive staff, which contributes to increased productivity, reduced turnover personnel and production costs. But such an organization may pay to exist in a stable internal potential of the enterprise, security of its financial resources and the availability of favorable conditions for the economic environment. Unfortunately, the terms of the economic environment prevailing in the domestic economy are not favorable. The legislative base in Russia on the organization of payment Labor is a liberal, but the state is actively used such arms tight regulation, as the indexation of income, compensation and minimum wage. In addition, to the level of wages in Russia are much lower than the subsistence minimum. This suggests that it does not fulfill any of its functions – either reproductive or stimulating, or social or regulatory. Regardless of significant amount of scientific research of national and international academic economists on the organization of material incentives for staff, problems of domestic staff incentive enterprises do not have a complete solution. These problems due to the fact that the development of domestic scientists based mainly on older approaches that have been characterized administrative-command economy type.

This approach seeks to provide the status of the market, but their practical application is very unfortunate. No less pernicious is the practice of copying foreign experience incentive without appropriate adaptation to the peculiarities of industrial activities. Under the conditions of the negative impact of environmental factors on the organization of material incentives plant personnel should be based solely on their own capabilities. However, under present conditions to fully use the capabilities of their own industry is complicated, on the one hand, imperfection of the legislative framework and on the other hand, due to the virtual absence of effective models of organization of material incentives for staff. Therefore, there is an urgent need to theoretical basis and practical approaches modeling the organization of material incentives, the introduction of which will enhance productivity, encourage employees and, in eventually – to ensure stability of the company.