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Until The Late

Until the late nineteenth century Constitution Day in Buenos Aires in 1854 The port of La Boca in the 1880’s the government that succeeded the viceroy, the First Board, found that it had all the powers of that. The same governments understood that happened (Junta Grande, First and Second Triumvirate, and Directories). The First Board also sought to appoint governors, mayors, send armies and collecting customs duties. This made the rest of the viceroyalty feel that the revolution had just replaced the central power of the viceroy of Buenos Aires, without gaining any advantage. In 1815 came the first internal revolt against the central government to be appointed Carlos Mar a de Alvear as Supreme Director. He was deposed three months later, forcing breathe new source of enthusiasm for the revolution. Thus arose the need to declare, at the Congress of Tucuman in 1816, which was already a fact: the independence of the viceroyalty with respect to Spain.That Congress then moved to Buenos Aires, and drafted the constitution of 1819 did not work and it was rejected by the feds. The following year the federal forces defeated the directory and created the Province of Buenos Aires, became its first governor Manuel de Sarratea winners who signed with the Treaty of Pilar. After a period of instability Martin Rodriguez was appointed governor and his ministers, including highlighting Bernardino Rivadavia, began a period of order and reform: the creation of the National Register, was founded in administering vaccines and the Archivo General de Buenos Aires and opened Mercantile Exchange. Culturally highlighted the inauguration of the University of Buenos Aires and formed the Society for Mathematical and Physical Sciences.Bernardino Rivadavia In late 1824 a convention met to draft a national constitution but a few months Brazil War broke out, forcing urgently raise an army, and he thought that it had to form a National Executive to unify military command. So, without even begin to discuss a constitution that would give legal framework to charge, the February 6, 1826 the law was passed in office, creating a Permanent National Executive, with the title “President of the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata “. Rivadavia has been appointed as the first president in February 1826, which was not well received in the provinces. The landowners, alarmed by the consequences that could be funded, stopped supporting Rivadavia, and this stay politically isolated. After 3 months the constitution was adopted but all provinces rejected it.Meanwhile, in 1825, landed on the east coast the liberating expion of Juan Antonio Lavalleja and Thirty-Three Orientals and then lay siege to Montevideo convened a congress which declared the band rejoined eastern Argentina. The Congress accepted the return but Rivadavia decided to get rid of the war with Brazil and a naval blockade that affects commerce, the basis of collection of state revenues. So, despite the resounding victory over Brazil, signed a disgraceful treaty recognizing the sovereignty of the empire on the Banda Oriental and agreed to pay compensation to the enemy. Although the face of criticism Rivadavia rejected the agreement also suffered the political cost of the pact, which would become one of the reasons for his resignation future. During what became known as the ‘age of Rivadavia “science and culture flourished significantly in the country.His reformist impulse given to intellectual life hitherto unknown dynamics, creating a climate that was successful in various fields through the personal work of many individuals. His resignation led to the exile of most of the players committed to the fallen regime, as well impoverish the European-leaning intellectual work,mainly in Buenos Aires. Rivadavia submitted to Congress a proposed capitalization of Buenos Aires, the city and much of the surrounding proclaimed capital of the state. Buenos Aires opposed federalism, defending provincial institutions guaranteed by the constitution, especially the port and customs, the main source of resources of the province. However, the law was enacted in 1826. The governor of the province of Buenos Aires, Las Heras, relinquished his office by executive decree. The Board of Representatives was dissolved, and nationalized the military in the province, public lands, customs and all provincial properties.Rivadavia, in addition to earning the enmity of the inland provinces due to the 1826 constitution and all the measures taken by centralist, he found that the war with Brazil remedies had been exhausted.

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